Composição química, atividade biológica e segurança de uso da Moringa oleifera Lam. Moringaceae

Conteúdo do artigo principal

Sonia Mariza Luiz de Oliveira
Maria Cristina Marcucci
Carolina Passarelli Gonçalves
Adriana Melo
Carlos Rocha Oliveira

Resumo

A Moringa oleifera Lam. é uma espécie de árvore rica em minerais e medicinalmente importante da família Moringaceae, possui uma ampla gama de aplicações, desde a culinária até sua utilização medicinal. A Moringa oleifera Lam. é rica em vários fitoconstituintes, como flavonoides, carotenoides, isotiocianatos, polifenóis, saponinas, alcaloides, glicosídeos cardiotônicos, carboidratos e glicosinolatos. Todas as partes de Moringa oleifera Lam., incluindo sementes, folhas, raízes, flores, caule e vagens têm valor medicinal tradicional. As sementes apresentam um valor especial do ponto de vista econômico, visto que uma vez amadurecidas rendem 38-40% de óleo vegetal incolor e inodoro. Além disso, o grande incentivo no desenvolvimento de processos dentro da química verde coloca esta planta em destaque, visto que sua utilização para tratar águas residuais tem se tornado cada vez mais popular e oferece uma ampla variedade de outros benefícios, como redução de custos, redução da geração de subprodutos e maior biodegradabilidade. Na presente revisão, foi colocada em perspectiva uma análise consolidada do papel da Moringa oleifera Lam., em relação ao seu valor nutricional, medicinal e comercial, juntamente com uma revisão atualizada sobre a análise fitoquímica e sua utilidade, bem como a segurança de uso da planta.

Detalhes do artigo

Como Citar
1.
Luiz de Oliveira SM, Marcucci MC, Passarelli Gonçalves C, Melo A, Rocha Oliveira C. Composição química, atividade biológica e segurança de uso da Moringa oleifera Lam. Moringaceae. Braz. J. Nat. Sci [Internet]. 10º de novembro de 2022 [citado 24º de fevereiro de 2024];4(3):E1612022, 1-15. Disponível em: https://bjns.com.br/index.php/BJNS/article/view/161
Seção
Artigo de revisão em fluxo contínuo
Biografia do Autor

Sonia Mariza Luiz de Oliveira, Universidade Anhanguera de São Paulo - Brasil.

Universidade Anhanguera de São Paulo, campus Pirituba. Avenida Raimundo Pereira de Magalhães, 3305, Pirituba, CEP 05145-200, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. Enfermeira

Carolina Passarelli Gonçalves, Universidade Anhanguera de São Paulo - Brasil.

Universidade Anhanguera de São Paulo – Osasco. Av dos Autonomistas, 1325, Vila Yara, CEP 06020-015, Osasco, SP, Brasil. Farmacêutica-Bioquímica.

Adriana Melo, Centro Regional Universitário de Espírito Santo do Pinhal

Centro Regional Universitário de Espírito Santo do Pinhal – UNIPINHAL; Etec Dr. Carolino da Motta e Silva. Bióloga

Carlos Rocha Oliveira, Grupo de Fitocomplexos e Sinalização Celular, Universidade Anhembi Morumbi, São José dos Campos, SP, Brasil

Grupo de Fitocomplexos e Sinalização Celular, Universidade Anhembi Morumbi, São José dos Campos, SP, Brasil. GAP Biotech, São José dos Campos, SP, Brasil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Biomédica, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São José dos Campos, SP, Brasil.

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