Skin Phytotherapy and Pharmacological Aspects: a Brief Review

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Dante Ferreira de Oliveira
Josué Andrade Martins
Julia Souza e Costa
Carlos Rocha Oliveira

Resumo

Introduction: Phytotherapy is based on the use of medicinal plants and their plant derivatives for the treatment or symptomatic relief of numerous diseases, being a widely disseminated practice in the world. The skin, as the largest organ in the body, benefits from this therapeutic system in an important way. Thus, this review aimed to prospect the possible mechanisms of action of 12 medicinal plants that have cutaneous applications. Methods: The Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO), National Library of Medicine (PUBMED) and Google Scholar/Google Scholar databases were used, where plants were searched by their scientific names (Aesculus hippocastanum; Aloe vera/Aloe vera barbadensis; Arnica montana; Libidibia férrea/Caesalpinia ferrea; Calendula officinalis; Cordia verbenacea/Cordia curassavica; Equinacea purpurea; Equisetum arvense; Lippia sidoides Cham./Lippia origanoides kunth; Malva sylvestris; Matricaria chamomilla L./Matricaria recutita L. e Stryphnodendron adstringensResults: The mechanisms of action found establish a relationship with the presence of secondary metabolites, such as flavonoids; terpenes, tannins, saponins, coumarins, quinones, acids and phenolic compounds, glycosides, carotenoids, mucilages, polysaccharides, conferring anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antioxidant and healing properties. Conclusion: The popular use of medicinal plants is aligned with the literature mechanism of action. However, each plant has it own action pathway and active principles, requiring specific studies to understand their molecules and function in other to validate and produce new medicines.

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1.
Ferreira de Oliveira D, Andrade Martins J, Souza e Costa J, Rocha Oliveira C. Skin Phytotherapy and Pharmacological Aspects: a Brief Review. Braz. J. Nat. Sci [Internet]. 25º de novembro de 2022 [citado 24º de fevereiro de 2024];4(3):E1632022 - 1. Disponível em: https://bjns.com.br/index.php/BJNS/article/view/163
Seção
Artigo de revisão em fluxo contínuo
Biografia do Autor

Dante Ferreira de Oliveira, Anhembi Morumbi University, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Anhembi Morumbi University, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Josué Andrade Martins, Anhembi Morumbi University, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Anhembi Morumbi University, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Julia Souza e Costa, Anhembi Morumbi University, São Paulo-SP, Brazil

Anhembi Morumbi University, São Paulo-SP, Brazil

Carlos Rocha Oliveira, Anhembi Morumbi University, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Anhembi Morumbi University, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.; Post-graduation Program in Biomedical Engineering, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), São José dos Campos-SP, Brazil.

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